BIOL 0123 Science Proficiency
The primary objective is to provide knowledge of the basic concepts and principles of physical and life sciences. This course does not apply toward total credit hours for graduation. Prerequisite: MATH 0114 or equivalent.

BIOL 1114 General Biology
General Biology provides an introduction to various topics in biological science including basic chemistry; cellular biology; studies of animals, plants, protozoans, and fungi; human biology; genetics and heredity; and environmental/population studies. This course meets the four credit hour life sciences requirement for graduation from Rogers State University and is open to any student. Lab required.

BIOL 1134 General Environmental Biology
A general survey of environmental science. Includes an introduction to basic ecological principles with an emphasis on major modes of environmental pollution. Lab required.

BIOL 1144 General Cellular Biology
An introduction to inorganic and organic chemistry, with an extensive survey of cell structure, cellular metabolism, enzymes, mitosis and meiosis, Mendelian genetics, and molecular genetics. Lab required.

BIOL 2104 General Botany
Basic processes and structures in plants and their relation to factors in the environment, reproduction heredity, heritable and non-heritable variations in plants and their causes and consequences are studied. Previous course in chemistry recommended. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIOL 1144.

BIOL 2124 Microbiology
General microbiology with emphasis on fundamentals of morphology, physiology, and growth-related activities of pathogenic and nonpathogenic organisms. Aseptic technique and common microbiological tests and procedures covered. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIOL 1144.

BIOL 2205 General Zoology
A survey of the animal kingdom, with special emphasis on phylogenetic relationships, structural adaptation, and ecological significance of the major phyla. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIOL 1144.

BIOL 2215 Anatomy and Physiology
An introduction to the principles of the structure and function of the human body. A beginning course designed to emphasize the integration of all body systems. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIOL 1144 or instructor’s permission.

BIOL 2285 Human Anatomy
A study of the structure of the human body with emphasis on organ systems. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIOL 1144 or BIOL 2205 or instructor’s permission.

BIOL 3004 Field Botany
An introduction to Oklahoma flora based upon classification, distribution, and natural history of representatives of the plant phyla of this region. Lab and extensive fieldwork required. Prerequisite: BIOL 2104.

BIOL 3014 Ecology of Mammals
A study of morphology, systematics, and distribution of mammals in Oklahoma, North America, and globally; biogeography; evolution; and physiological, morphological, and behavioral adaptations. Prerequisite: BIOL 2205.

BIOL 3024 Genetics
An introduction to basic concepts of Mendelian genetics and an inquiry into the basic processes of evolution. Lab required. Prerequisites: BIOL 1144 and CHEM 1315. MATH 2843 is recommended.

BIOL 3033 Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems
An introduction to the theory and application of geographic information systems. Topics include spatial data models, geodesy and map projections, global positioning systems, remote sensing, basic spatial analyses and cartographic modeling. Emphasis is placed on the application of GIS to problems of biological conservation and natural resource management. Lab required. prerequisite: MATH 1513 and CS 1113.

BIOL 3034 General Ecology
A study of the structure and function of ecosystems including a survey of the aquatic and terrestrial habitats. Includes lab and field trips. Prerequisites: BIOL 2104 and BIOL 2205.

BIOL 3103 Plants and Civilization
The study of the interaction between plants and human cultures in both historical and contemporary societies. This course examines the use of plants as medicine, foods, and materials within social and scientific settings. Prerequisite: BIOL 1114, BIOL 1134, or BIOL 1144.

BIOL 3203 Bioethics
This course is designed to introduce students to bioethics as a multidisciplinary subject through critical thinking, writing, and discussing contemporary issues through various views and settings. Students will examine the topics in the context of social, economical, judicial, and moral aspects. The topics are not limited to, but will include research ethics, stem cell research, life and death, genetic testing, gene therapy, and environmental issues. Prerequisite: BIOL 1114, BIOL 1134, or BIOL 1144; ENGL 1113.

BIOL 3204 Physiology
A study of the functions and biochemical processes of the cells, tissues, and organ systems, with special emphasis on humans. Lab required. Prerequisites: BIOL 1144 and 2285, or BIOL 2205 and CHEM 1315.

BIOL 3275 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
A comparative study of the morphology and evolution of the vertebrates as well as function and evolution of various representative organ systems. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIOL 2205.

BIOL 3503 Molecular Cell Biology
Course will emphasize fundamental principles of eukaryotic cell biology at the molecular and cellular levels with emphasis on cell structure and cellular and biochemical processes and mechanisms. Prerequisites: BIOL 1144, CHEM 1315, and CHEM 1415.

BIOL 3512 Molecular Techniques Laboratory
Molecular techniques of cloning, selection, and gene expression and protein purification will be covered. This is a lab only course. Pre or Co-requisites: Molecular Cell Biology (BIOL 3503)

BIOL 3513 Environmental Conservation
Studies the requirements and regulations of wildlife/natural resources on a regional and global scale. Emphasis will be given to ecosystem management, landscape ecology, and threats to environmental and global biodiversity. Prerequisite: BIOL 3034.

BIOL 3514 Forest Ecology and Management
A survey of topics pertaining to the ecological processes of forest ecosystems and the management of forest resources. Topics include tree ecophysiology, forest ecosystem structure and function, forest hydrology, wildlife, silviculture, and fire ecology. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIOL 2104.

BIOL 3525 Biology of Microorganisms
Structure/function, physiology, genetics, evolution, and diversity of prokaryotic microorganisms and their impact on humans and the environment. Lab required. Prerequisites: BIOL 1144 and CHEM 1415. Recommended: CHEM 3125.

BIOL 3950 Special Topics in Biology
Focus of the course is an approved area of biology to be determined by faculty for each semester offered. The course may be repeated for credit. (1-4 credit hours.)

BIOL 4014 Ornithology
A study of classification, distribution, identification, life histories, and evolution of birds. Specimen preparation and field techniques emphasize Oklahoma species. Prerequisite: BIOL 2205.

BIOL 4153 Molecular Genetics
Study of transcription, translation, and replication; and gene organization, regulation, and expression at the molecular level for prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Prerequisites: BIOL 1144 and CHEM 1415. CHEM 3125 is recommended. Pre or Co-requisite: BIOL 3512.

BIOL 4214 Histology
The microscopic study of tissues and organs in relation to their function. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIOL 2285 or BIOL 3204.

BIOL 4303 Plant and Animal Toxicology
An introduction to the effects caused by exposure of living organisms to chemical substances. Reading, research, and discussions on environmental effects and consequences of organic and inorganic toxins are required. Prerequisites: BIOL 2104, BIOL 2205, and CHEM 3125.

BIOL 4414 Immunology
The study of innate and adaptive immune responses. Topics include cell derivation and communication and clinical applications including inflammation, hypersensitivity, autoimmunity, tolerance, and vaccinations. Lab required. Prerequisite: BIOL 3204 or
BIOL 3503.

BIOL 4524 Field Zoology
An introduction to local animal life based upon classification, distribution, and natural history of representatives of the animal phyla of this region. Lab and extensive field work required. Prerequisite: BIOL 2205.

BIOL 4554 Aquatic Biology
Aquatic Biology is an introduction to the study of freshwater systems. Local freshwater ecosystems will be described and characterized in terms of physiographic and biological features emphasizing their inherent ecological relationships. Extensive fieldwork will introduce students to surveying techniques and analytical evaluation of freshwater systems. Prerequisites: BIOL 2104, BIOL 2205, and CHEM 1315. CHEM 1415 recommended.

BIOL 4602 Biology Research Methods I
Introduction to research methods and design in the biological sciences. Students will synthesize a proposal of an original research project presented in oral and written format for the benefit of a non-specialist audience. Prerequisite: eight upper-division hours in biology.

BIOL 4801 Biology Research Methods II
Investigation of research problem proposed in BIOL 4602 Biology Research Methods I. Students will complete research methods, conduct proposed research, analyze results, and present data in oral and written format for the benefit of a non-specialist audience. Prerequisite: BIOL 4602.